Why do we Measure Blood Pressure?

We all know that becoming sick these days is already very common. Some are encountering problems with the different organs in our body such as the kidneys or the lungs while there are also some that are suffering from various psychological disorders. Whatever type of health risk we are facing or experiencing, all of these can cause the cessation of our lives. And one of the most commonly dealt with health problems by most of us is related to our blood pressure.

What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood against the vessel walls as it flows or passes through them. Our blood vessels are composed of two types, the arteries and veins. Almost all the arteries are the ones that carry the oxygenated blood towards the different tissues of the bodies. Because of the higher pressure in our arteries compared to our veins, it is made of thicker vessel walls. This is also the reason why whenever we get our blood pressure measurements we always make use of the arterial pressure. This can be measured in all the arteries in our body; however, it is the brachial artery that is commonly used because of it is more accessible compared to any other arteries. But why do we measure blood pressure?

Blood pressure monitoring is very vital especially for those of us who have problems in maintaining the measurement at a normal reading. Our blood pressure can change in just a matter of minutes. This is why regular check up must be done in order to provide immediate and appropriate attention if ever a problem occurs. The normal blood pressure reading ranges from 100/70 to 130/90. A measurement higher or lower from this range is already considered slightly irregular or abnormal. The number above the fraction line is called the systolic blood pressure. This pressure is felt during the contraction of the heart. It is also the one that creates the pulse in our necks or wrists. The bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. This is considered the pressure that is always seen in the arteries even during the diastolic or resting phase of the heart.

Any alteration in the blood pressure measurement would always suggest problems regarding the physiology of the body. A blood pressure that is too low may be due to hypovolemia (decreased blood volume in the body), shock or any problems related to the heart. Low blood pressure cannot sufficiently supply adequate blood to the different parts of the body, including the brain, which can later on lead to death. On the other hand, if the blood pressure is too high, it can also cause serious damage to the body including stroke or heart failure. Once this happens and is not managed immediately, life could be taken away in an instant.

Constant monitoring of blood pressure is indeed very important and necessary, not just for the old and the obese individuals, but for all of us. Maintaining the measurement within the normal range may be a challenge for some of us; however, if we instead plan of doing preventive measures such as opting for a healthy diet, then we don’t have to worry as much with regards to our blood pressure.

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