What is the Difference between Democrat and Republican?

In politics, we will most likely come across two major parties namely the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Both parties are somewhat opposite in their stand of leadership. This has caused the division of supporters among the citizens of which these parties govern. But what is the difference between democrat and republican?

A democrat is the one who votes or support the Democratic political party in all its activities. The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States together with Republican Party. It is one of the oldest political parties in the world which was founded in 1828 with 72 million voters in 2004. It has the lengthiest record in the Unites States in terms of continuous operation. Its official color is blue and official symbol is donkey. Its political position is center left for both fiscal and social. Some of the famous democrat presidential candidates in 2008 are John F. Kennedy, Franklin Roosevelt, Bill Clinton, Woodrow Wilson, and Jimmy Carter.

After the 2010 elections, the democtraic party holdsmajority of the seats in Senate but hold minority seats in the House of Representatives. In terms of governorship and state legislatures, it only hold minority of the state.


The chair person of the Democratic Party is Debbie Wasserman Schultz with president of the United States Barack Obama. The Senate Leaders are Joe Biden (president), Daniel Inouye (president pro tempore) and Harry Reid (Majority Leader). The House Leader is Nancy Pelosi and Martin O’Malley as the Chair of Governors Association. Its headquarters is located on 430 South Capital Street SE, Washington D.C. 20003. Its student wing is College Democrats of America and youth wing is Young Democrats of America.

Ideology of Democratic Party is as follows

• American Liberalism
• Third way
• Progressivism
• Internal factions
? Progressive Democrats
? Libertarian Democrats
? Moderate Democrats
? Conservative Democrats


• Jacksonian Democracy
• Classical Liberalism
• Bimetallism
• State’s Rights
• Paleoconservatism


Ruling: Democrats favor the democratic form of government and believes that it is through the welfare of the people that the country benefits. Here, the government is governed by the majority.

Economic View: Supports welfare programs for the people. Their top priority in agendas and policies is the people. They are strict in terms of businesses. The party favors minimum wages and strict taxation like for example, people with higher income should have higher tax rates.

Supported laws: Democrats support work for minorities and women. They prefer less expenditure when it comes to the national defense and that they believe that a good relationship with foreign countries can strengthen the national security. The party is against death penalty and pursues gun control policies.

Money: The government should have a strict control over money so that the government can manage this asset to promote and support its welfare program.

On the other hand, a republican is the one who votes or support the Republican political party in all its activities. The Republican Party is the counterpart of the Democratic Party and is founded by anti-slavery activism in 1854. It is often called as the Grand Old Party or GOP. The party’s platform shows conservatism in the U.S political spectrum. Its official color is red and official symbol is elephant. Its political position is center-right in contrast to the center-left position of the Democrats. Some of the famous presidential candidates in 2008 who supported the Republican Party are John McCain, Mike Huckabee, Rudolph Giuliani, Mitt Romney, Fred Thompson and Tom Tancredo.

As of 2004, this party has the second most registered voters with about 55 million voters. In the 2010 election, it holds majority of seats in the House of Representatives but a minority in the senate. In terms of governorship and state legislatures, it holds majority of the seats. It also has one control of one chamber in five states.


The Chair person of the Republican Party is Reince Priebus. The Senate Leader is Mitch McConnell. John Boehner and Eric Cantor (also a Majority Leader) are the House Leader of the party and Haley Barbour is the Chair of Governors Association. Its headquarters is located on 310 First Street NE, Washington D.C. 20003. Its student wing is the College Republicans and Youth Wing is the Young Republicans Teenage Republicans.

Ideology of the Republican Party is as follows:
• American conservatism
• Fiscal conservatism
• Social conservatism
• Economic liberalism
• Libertarian conservatism

• Abolitionism
• Classical Liberalism


Ruling: Republicans prefer economic equality and les interference from the control of the government. They believe that they should have more control over their possessions or property. With this, the ruling lies in its charter whereas in democrats, the power lies in the ruling of the majority.

Economic View: The Republicans does not support social welfare and believe in the idea of capitalism. Individuals are allowed to run their businesses without government interference. With this, it can be said that the party support free and liberal trade laws.

Supported Laws: The Republicans favor meritocracy and competition. They prefer to support or spend more money on national defense and do not agree with gun control laws. In terms of death penalty, the Republicans say “Yes” to this.

Money: The Republicans philosophy in money is that what you earn is yours and the government must only take what is necessary in order to perform its limited functions. In short, they do not have a strict control over money since they do not have welfare programs to manage.

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