Volcanoes are magnificent natural wonders of the world. They are often the object of mankind’s fascination ever since the beginning of time. There are a number of volcanoes all around the world; some of them are active, while others lie dormant for many years. Besides that, they come in different sizes and shapes as well. Like, there are volcanoes that resembled like cones. Consequently, we are in awe of their amazing beauty. It is no wonder, some countries became known for their magnificent volcanoes, and hence, even turned into tourists’ attraction.
On the contrary, when dormant volcanoes become active, they are bound to destruction. No matter how small or how big a volcano is, once it erupts, it will create great havoc to the people living in the area. Their destructive and powerful nature will be revealed once the volcano spews out gases, rocks, lava, lahar and volcanic ashes.
Over the course of history, several volcanic eruptions and activities have been recorded. For instance, the recent volcanic activity of one of the volcanoes in Iceland, wherein dozens of flights across Europe were cancelled, and hundreds of passengers stranded.
However, it is not the biggest volcanic eruptions in history. If you wonder, what is the biggest volcanic eruption in history, he largest recorded volcanic eruption in history is Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island in Indonesia. The eruption took place on April 10, 1815. It was said that the eruption was so loud that the sound was heard by people in Sumatra Island, 2600 km away from the volcanic site.
There was one bigger eruption that occurred in 181 CE at Mount Taupo, New Zealand, but during that time, there were no historians or human on the area. Thus, Mt. Tambora remains the biggest volcanic eruption in history. Not to mention, the most devastating volcanic eruption of all time, with over 10,000 people died due to falling ashes. The eruption lasted for 5 days. Additionally, more than 80,000 died from other incidents related to the eruption.
Moreover, when volcanoes erupt, it is not only the lives of the people that are lost. Landscapes and communities may be covered with ashes, and the destructions can even wipe the place out from the map. Plus, global weather temperature can be affected, just like when Mt. Tambora erupted on 1815, which resulted in ‘a year without summer’ in 1816.
Other effects of catastrophe that active volcanoes bring include, discharging of super-heated gasses, Carbon dioxide, Hydrogen sulfide, melting of glaciers and snow, etc.